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Published on 21.12.16 in Vol 2, No 1 (2016): December

Preprints (earlier versions) of this paper are available at, first published Jun 05, 2016.

This paper is in the following e-collection/theme issue:


    Check Up GP: A Co-Designed Health and Lifestyle Screening App to Improve Patient-Centered Care for Young People in Primary Care

    1Department of General Practice, University of Melbourne, Carlton, Australia

    2Department of Computing and Information Systems, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia

    3Department of General Practice, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia

    Corresponding Author:

    Marianne Julie Webb, MYHEM

    Department of General Practice

    University of Melbourne

    Ground Floor, 200 Berkeley St

    Carlton, 3053


    Phone: 61 4 0737 8721

    Fax:61 3 9347 6136



    Background: During adolescence and young adulthood, a wide range of mental health disorders and risky behaviors can emerge and co-occur. Primary care practitioners (PCPs) are ideally positioned to identify areas of concern as part of young people’s routine health care, and screening tools can help to surface problems the young person may be facing. When administered via technology, screening tools are more readily adopted by young people and can deliver results immediately to the PCP. Technology-based screening tools help PCPs to normalize sensitive issues, guide discussion about risky behavior, and promote healthy lifestyles, and they make young people more likely to disclose sensitive health issues. Despite these advantages, there is a paucity of research about how using these screening tools may affect the patient-doctor relationship and whether young people would like to use such tools again in the future.

    Objective: The aim was to investigate how using a health and lifestyle screening app would affect young people’s relationship with their PCP, their perception of the care they received, and whether they would like to use the app regularly.

    Methods: A health and lifestyle screening app (Check Up GP) for young people aged 14 to 25 was developed through a series of participatory design workshops with users and stakeholders. The app was implemented within an action research program with 4 PCPs in one primary care clinic in Melbourne, Australia. We first collected baseline data on young people’s experience of attending the clinic without using the app. Then, in the intervention phase, young people were sent a link to the app via their smartphone at the time of their appointment and asked to complete the screening prior to their appointment. The PCPs reviewed a summary report of issues immediately before seeing the young person, along with tips on youth-friendly practice and suggested actions to take on areas of concern.

    Results: Compared with those in the baseline group, young people using Check Up GP were significantly more comfortable asking questions and reported that their doctor knew them well, advised them how to prevent problems in the future, and was interested in the effect of the problem on their everyday lives. Check Up GP was also highly acceptable to young people, with 91% thinking it was a “good idea,” 74% reporting they would like to use the app at least once a year, and a further 21% reporting they would like to use it every time they saw their PCP.

    Conclusions: The results show that integrating a health and lifestyle screening app into face-to-face regular care can significantly improve and enrich young people’s experience of seeing a PCP. Using this technology has the potential to ensure typically unrecognized and preventable health and lifestyle issues in young people are not only uncovered but appropriately addressed through targeted health promotion and early intervention.

    iproc 2016;2(1):e18



    This poster was presented at the Connected Health Symposium 2016, October 20-21, Boston, MA, United States. The poster is displayed as an image in Figure 1 and as a PDF in Multimedia Appendix 1.

    Figure 1. Poster.
    View this figure

    Multimedia Appendix 1


    PDF File (Adobe PDF File), 2MB

    Edited by T Hale; submitted 05.06.16; peer-reviewed by CHS Scientific Program Committee; accepted 02.08.16; published 21.12.16

    ©Marianne Julie Webb, Greg Wadley, Sylvia Deidre Kauer, Lena Amanda Sanci. Originally published in Iproceedings (, 21.12.2016.

    This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work, first published in Iproceedings, is properly cited. The complete bibliographic information, a link to the original publication on, as well as this copyright and license information must be included.