Preprints (earlier versions) of this paper are available at https://preprints.jmir.org/preprint/35393, first published .
Are We Missing Something? The Skin Lesions Not Seen in Teledermatology

Are We Missing Something? The Skin Lesions Not Seen in Teledermatology

Are We Missing Something? The Skin Lesions Not Seen in Teledermatology

Authors of this article:

Leah Jones 1 Author Orcid Image ;   Amanda Oakley 1 Author Orcid Image

Abstract

Waikato District Health Board, Hamilton, New Zealand

Corresponding Author:

Leah Jones, MBChB

Waikato District Health Board

183 Pembroke Street

Hamilton, 3204

New Zealand

Phone: 64 7 839 8899

Email: lkjones@hotmail.co.nz


Background: The suspected skin cancer electronic referral pathway was introduced in 2017. It requires general practitioners to add regional, close-up, and dermoscopic images to a lesion-specific referral template for a teledermatologist to review and advise on management. The virtual lesion clinic is a nurse-led clinic used since 2010 to obtain high-quality images for teledermoscopy assessment. A limitation of both services is the absence of a full-body examination.

Objective: This study aims to evaluate the number of skin cancers missed during teledermatology assessment.

Methods: This is a retrospective review of skin lesion referrals to dermatology. Suspected skin cancer referrals made in the latter half of 2020 were compared with referrals to the virtual lesion clinic during a similar time period in 2016.

Results: The study included 481 patients with 548 lesions in the 2020 suspected skin cancer cohort that were matched for age, sex, and ethnicity to 400 patients with 682 lesions in the 2016 virtual lesion clinic cohort. A total of 41 patients underwent subsequent specialist review in the suspected skin cancer cohort compared to 91 in the virtual lesion clinic cohort. A total of 20% of the suspected skin cancer cohort and 24% of the virtual lesion clinic cohort were found to have at least one additional lesion of concern. The majority of these were keratinocytic skin cancers; there were 2 and 0 additional melanomas or melanoma-in-situ, respectively. The virtual lesion clinic nurses identified additional lesions for imaging in 78 of 400 (20%) patients assessed in the virtual lesion clinic. The teledermatologist determined (author AO) that 73% of these additional lesions were malignant. Of the 548 lesions, 10 (2%) in the suspected skin cancer group were rereferred, none of which had a change in diagnosis. Out of 682 lesions, 16 (2%) in the virtual lesion clinic cohort were rereferred, 6 (1%) of which had a change in diagnosis.

Conclusions: Patients diagnosed with skin cancer often have multiple lesions of concern. Single-lesion teledermoscopy diagnoses have high concordance with in-person evaluation and histology; however, we have shown that in-person examination may reveal other suspicious lesions. The importance of a full-body skin examination should be emphasized to the referrer.

Acknowledgments: The Waikato Medical Research Foundation provided financial support for the study.

Conflicts of Interest: None declared.

iproc 2021;7(1):e35393

doi:10.2196/35393

Keywords


Edited by T Derrick; This is a non–peer-reviewed article. submitted 02.12.21; accepted 03.12.21; published 10.12.21

Copyright

©Leah Jones, Amanda Oakley. Originally published in Iproceedings (https://www.iproc.org), 10.12.2021.

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work, first published in Iproceedings, is properly cited. The complete bibliographic information, a link to the original publication on https://www.iproc.org/, as well as this copyright and license information must be included.