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Published on 29.03.18 in Vol 4, No 1 (2018): EMPHNET Sixth Regional Conference

Preprints (earlier versions) of this paper are available at, first published Mar 29, 2018.

This paper is in the following e-collection/theme issue:


    Constrains Faced by Tb Patients Leading to Non-Compliance: A Cross Sectional Study in Mardan, Kpk, Pakistan

    Corresponding Author:

    Yousaf Ali Khan


    Background: Pakistan is among the high endemic countries for TB and ranked 5th in the high TB burden countries with estimated 4th highest prevalence of multidrug resistance (MDR) TB. TB patients in Pakistan are facing different socio-economic and cultural constraints. TB patients are stigmatized and have been affected negatively due to poor knowledge about the disease dynamics, wrong socio-cultural myths and misapprehensions in general public.

    Objective: The study conducted by active TB patients to explore and evaluate different constraints that TB patients are facing in Mardan, Pakistan.

    Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted in district Mardan during March to June 2015. From 350 selected patients 210 were enrolled in study after informed consents. Data were collected though structured questionnaire and statistically analyzed by Epi-info/SPSS.

    Results: Overcrowding (P=.001, CI, 95%), unawareness of disease (86%), low educational status (P<.002, CI 95%), poverty and access to healthcare facilities were directly related to poor compliance. Attitude of family members, colleagues, society and even healthcare staff (P=.002, CI 95%) were also found significant. Age groups, marital status and treatment duration were found to be highly significant (P<.002). 85% patients were unaware with the risk factors and precautions during the treatment. 42% patients were unemployed, 58% employed less than 200 USD/month (P=.001, CI 95%). 59% patients complained worst behavior of their colleagues (P=.001) and 41.7% complained worst behavior of healthcare staff (P=.003, CI 95%).

    Conclusions: TB patients were found stigmatized due to poor economic conditions and bad attitude of family, colleagues and healthcare staff. Unemployment, malnutrition and overcrowding were among the worst constraints. Sensitization of medical staff and doctors to diagnose the disease in time and behave properly with patients is recommended. Dedicated patients and family education sessions must be conducted.

    iproc 2018;4(1):e10601


    Edited by Y Khader; This is a non–peer-reviewed article. submitted 29.03.18; accepted 29.03.18; published 29.03.18

    ©Yousaf Ali Khan. Originally published in Iproceedings (, 29.03.2018.

    This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work, first published in Iproceedings, is properly cited. The complete bibliographic information, a link to the original publication on, as well as this copyright and license information must be included.